Paluvettaraiyar The Kallar Kings Of Paluvur

Paluvettaraiyar is a Family name of Kallars, A dynasty of chiefs known as the Paluvettaraiyar Found largely in the inscriptions copied at Kila-Paluvur and Mela-Paluvur in the Trichirapalli District. They are From Chera Clan seem to have held positions of power and influence under the Cholas from the time of Parantaka I and to have been related to the royal family by marriage of the queens of Parantaka (who bore him the son Arinjaya) and Raja Raja Cholan Where From Paluvettaraiyar Family. it is also Mentioned in the 12th year of Parantaka, that Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Amudanar fought, on behalf of his Chola overlord, a victorious battle at Vellur against the forces of the Pandya king and his Ceylonese ally, in which the Pandya lost his life. To commemorate this success the Commander Nakkan Sattan of Paradur made a gift of a perpetual lamp to the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva at Siria-Paluvur.


Reference in south Indian inscriptions

No. 229.
(A.R. No. 229 of 1926.)
Kilappalauvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.
On the west wall of the central shrine, Vatamulesvara temple.

This states that a plot of land, 8 ma in extent, in the devadana village Uragankudi belonging to the temple of Avanigandarvva-Isvaragriham in Kunrak-kurram, which had been lying fallow was brought under cultivation by order of Pudi Paluvettaraiyan Kumaran Kandan, son of Pagaividai-isvarattu-Devanar of Paluvur and left in charge of the 7 temple servants for maintaining two perpetual lamps in the two shrines of the temple.  From the mention of Devanar in this record with paluvettaraiyar we may conclude that two other chiefs of this name figuring in the records of Melappaluvur (See No. 153 above) also belonged to the Paluvettaraiyar family, though their relationship with each other is not clear.  It is possible that ‘Devanar’ issued in all these cases only as a term of respect and not as a proper  name.

No. 229.
(A.R. No. 229 of 1926.)
Kilappalauvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.
On the west wall of the central shrine, Vatamulesvara temple.

This records a gift of 90 sheep for a daily supply of an ulakku of ghee by the narayam measure, for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva at Sirupaluvur in Kunrak-kurram by Adigal Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar.  An inscription of Sundara-Chola.  (M.E.R. 1926, II, 17)

No. 237
(A.R. No. 219 of 1923)
Kilappaluvur, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District
On the west wall of the central shrine, Passupatisvara temple


This registers an endowment of 2 ½ ma of land for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Maravanisavara-grihattu-Mahadevar at Siru-Paluvur with the daily supply of on ulakku of ghee, by Malavar Kongani Senni-Nambiyar a maternal uncle of Adigal Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar after purchasing the same from Savandi maran Maran of the village in the name of Chandesvara-Bhatara for 15kalanju of gold.  This is probably an inscription of Uttama-Chola.

No. 238
(A.R. No. 249 of 1926)
On the east wall of the mandapa right of entrance, Vatamulesvara temple, in the same village


The inscription is built in at the end.  It records an endowment after purchase by Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar of the village Sembudarkudi alias Tiruvalandurainallu, (the income from) which was allotted in certain proportions for the several requirements of worship in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-kahadeva at Sirupaluvur, including a perpetual lamp to the burnt before (the image of) god Maravanisvarattu-Deva. This may be assigned to the reign of Uttama-Chola.

Anbil grant of Sundara-Chola (Ep. Ind., Vol. XV, p.50)

Tiruvorriyur records (No. 108), dated in the 34th year of his reign (=A.D. 941), states that a subordinate of Parantaka named Sembiyan Soliyavaraiyan of Sirukulattur was returning from the conquest of Sitpuli after destroying Nellur.  In the west an inscription of his reign has been found at Somur near Karur. The Western Ganga king Prithivipati II, whose dominions lay partly in the Mysore State, was his feudatory.[23]  The friendly relations that existed between the Cheras and the Cholas as already gathered from the Tillasthanam inscription of Aditya I (No. 89) were further strengthened during this reign.  One of the queens of Parantaka who bore him the son Arinjaya was a daughter of the Kerala prince Paluvettaraiyar[24] Queen Villavan Mahadeviyar mentioned in a Tirukkalavur inscription (No. 110) may be identical with this daughter of Paluvettaraiyar